Generally, moles (nevus) are the common type of skin growth in any part of the body. They often appear as small, dark brown and black colored marks or spots. A mole can appear anywhere on the skin, alone or in groups. They are a dark insoluble pigment usually found in humans in the skin, hair, choroid layer of the eye. Usually, they appear in early childhood and adolescence.
Definition of Moles
They are the natural part of the dark colored skin development and influenced by genetics and sun exposure. They are commonly caused by clusters of pigmented cells. They are also called birthmarks and can have different shapes, like flat or swollen, smooth or bumpy.
Generally, moles are not harmful, but rarely they become cancerous. In medical term, they are the collections of pigment that producing cells, which are commonly seen on the top layer of the skin. Mole removal London uses the best methods for removing moles from your skin.
Causes of moles
Most of the people are born with moles and sometimes they may appear during the first 25 years of a person’s life. They are caused when melanocytes grow in clusters or clumps. Sometimes they are disturbed throughout your skin and produce melanin.
Melanin is the natural pigment that gives the color of your skin. But they are usually harmless. Moles can occur due to many reasons. Here are some causes of moles:
1. Over exposure to the sun
According to the medical science, moles may occur in sun-protected areas like the palms, soles, and genitals. If you go out in the sun a lot, chances of moles may be increased. Because the ultraviolet rays released by the sun and it can be harmful to your skin surface, therefore, causing prominent moles to appear.
Sometimes they are not caused by any exterior factor and some moles can be present at birth, but they naturally appear during childhood or young adulthood. Many people are born with moles in different parts of their body.
3. Family history
Sometimes moles or nevus, also occur due to hereditary. Most of the families have a history of an abnormal condition of moles which are known to cause skin cancer. As time passes, some moles can change the way they look. If you have moles due to the reason of hereditary, then it is advisable that you consult a dermatologist as soon as possible. They may be cancerous.
4. During hormonal changes
Moles may appear during puberty too. When the hormones of your body changes, it is very common to notice the formation of moles on the face, neck, wrist and any part of your body. A great number of hormones are changing continuously during the time of pregnancy. So, this can be the biggest reason for the occurrence of moles.
Symptoms of moles
The most important sign of melanoma or mole is a new brown or black colored spot may appear on the skin. A spot that is changing in the size, shape, or color. Sometimes it looks different from all of the other spots on your skin. Below-mentioned ABCDE guide can help you to easily determine that if it is a mole or any other spot:
- “A” is for Asymmetrical shape: Birthmarks doesn’t match with the other spots.
- “B” is for Border: The boundary of moles is irregular and blurred.
- “C” is for Color: The shades of moles can be dark brown, black, red, and blue.
- “D” is for Diameter: The spot of a mole is larger than 6 millimetres across or smaller than 6mm.
- “E” is for Evolution: Moles can be changing in size, shape, and color.
Mole removal treatment
1. To treat a mole, most of the dermatologists take a small sample of tissue and having it analyzed. This is called a biopsy. After the biopsy, a doctor uses a surgical knife for cutting it off and stitching the affected area closed.
2. A shave excision is a very simple method for removing moles. A dermatologist uses a sharp razor or a blade to shave the mole off your skin.